Want to know which milestones to look out for as your puppy grows up into a dog? Here are your puppy’s development stages!
Puppies are born with no teeth, and with their eyes and ears closed so at this stage they are not able to see or hear anything. Newborn puppies are highly reliant on their mothers for everything from nutrition, to keeping warm, and staying clean. They have not yet learnt to walk, and spend most of their time eating and sleeping.
In this stage, puppies will open their eyes and ears and begin responding to stimuli in their environment. They will also practice growling and barking. Puppies will now have greater control of their bodies and begin walking and playing with their littermates.
At around 3-4 weeks, puppy’s baby teeth will start growing in. They will still be nursing but start to develop an interest in their mother’s food. You should also begin the weaning process around this age and gradually transition them to solid food using small amounts of soft food at a time.
At around 7 weeks or older, puppies are now old enough to leave their littermates and be taken home to their new family. They will start recognising their own name.
It’s time to take your puppy to the vet for the first time so they can have a health check, begin their vaccination program and be microchipped. You should also consider getting pet insurance to ensure the health of your puppy.
At 8 weeks old, they are eligible to start behaviour training at Petbarn’s puppy school. At this stage, it is important for your puppy to begin socialising with people and other dogs – as long as those dogs have been vaccinated beforehand.
Puppies are only eligible for puppy school when they are 8-16 weeks old as this is the best age for them to learn basic obedience and commands, so enrol your puppy soon.
At 4-5 months, your puppy’s baby teeth will start falling out to make room for their adult teeth. To relieve the pressure on their gums, your puppy may start chewing everything in sight so make sure to provide them with suitable soft chew toys to spare your furniture.
This is a great time to have a conversation with your local Greencross Vets about desexing your puppy. In some states, it is mandatory for your puppy to be desexed by the time it is 6 months old.
At 7 months, your puppy should have all their permanent adult teeth. Though they may now look like a grown up dog, remember that they are mentally still a puppy and still need your training and guidance.
2 weeks after their final vaccination, it will be safe for your puppy to be taken outside. It is important that you expose your puppy to a variety of people, places and experiences when they are young so they do not become fearful when they are older. Take your puppy to dog parks, the beach and for car rides so they can encounter new dogs and people and be properly socialised.
By reinforcing the training you have both received at puppy school, you should be having an easier time talking your puppy for walks on a lead and with toilet training and other common behaviours.
1 year old
If your puppy is a small or medium breed, at 12 months they’re now an adult and will stop growing in size. Large breeds will continue to grow until they reach their full height and weight at around 18-24 months. When puppies become adults, it is important to transition them from puppy food to adult dog food which will provide them with the right balance of nutrition for their life stage.
Your dog will be a beloved member of your family so keep showing them love, regularly exercising and playing with them and taking them in for routine visits to the vet so you can live long and healthy lives together.